A complete blood count test evaluates the cells that circulate in a person’s blood. It is also known as a full blood count and refers to a group of medical laboratory tests. The CBC test is useful in evaluating a person’s overall health. It can also detect a variety of diseases.
CBC test measures several blood components and features that include:
The abnormality detected in the cell count results indicates that the person has an underlying medical condition. CBC results will help to evaluate the person’s health further.
Reviews the overall health: CBC test is a part of the general medical examination. It helps to screen a variety of disorders that includes anaemia or leukaemia.
CBC diagnoses a medical condition: If a person is suffering from fever, fatigue, inflammation, etc., it detect them. Or in case the patient is experiencing weakness, bruising, or bleeding, a CBC test is advised. CBS test helps to diagnose the cause of these conditions. In case there is an infection, it can also be detected with this test.
CBC helps to monitor medical conditions: If a person is suffering from any blood disorder, a CBC test helps monitor the person’s blood count.
CBC test enables monitoring of medical treatment: If a person is under medication that may affect the blood count cells, then the CBC test helps to monitor the person’s health.
Intake of food and water can be done normally before a CBC. However, the person will be asked to fast for a specific amount of time before the test.
During the test:
RBC’s in men: 4.32-5.72 million cells/mcL; in women: 3.90-5.03 million cells/mcL
Haemoglobin in men: 135-175 grams/L; in women: 120-155 grams/L
Haematocrit in men: 38.8-50.0%; in women: 34.9-44.5%
WBC count: 3,500 to 10,500 cells/mcL
Platelet Count: 150,000 to 450,000/mcL
Abnormal CBC Indicates
Low RBC count indicates:
High RBC count can be due to:
Low WBC count may be due to:
High WBC count may be due to:
Abnormal Neutrophil count indicates:
High platelet count indicates:
Low platelet count indicates:
Abnormal Haemoglobin and Haematocrit: